European Applied Art
European Applied Art | Auction: 13.11.2019 | Preview: 08.11.2019 - 11.11.2019

Lot was sold

Lot 36

Estimate
6.000 - 8.000 €
Hammer
5.000,00 €

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Auction results from: Meissen
BOETTGER STONEWARE FIGURINES OF A DROMEDARY AND A BACTRIAN CAMEL.
Meissen. Model E. Hösel, 1939.

Böttger stoneware, partly polished. Both animals are depicted lying down. The dromedary wears a halter with fringes and a saddle strapped to its back. Over this a long cloth is draped, which falls down at the side of the animal. A pumpkin bottle and an instrument hang from the knob.
The bactrian camel can be recognized by its long, dense fur. It carries a bridle with a bell around its neck and a pack saddle. It has tilted its head backwards and opened its mouth as if it were expelling a call.. Length 46 and 50cmcm.
Swords mark and 'Böttger Steinzeug' V192{V193, porcelain former no. 50{124, both with embossing stamp L230. Condition A resp. A/B.

Provenance:
Personal gift from E. Hösel. By inheritance still in family ownership.

Literature:
- Marusch-Krohn, Caren: Meissen porcelain 1918-1933, Pfeiffer period, Leipzig 1993, for Böttger stoneware pp.18-20; for Erich Hösel p.154.
- Bröhan, Karl H. (ed.:) Porzellan, Kunst und Design 1889-1939, from Art Nouveau to Functionalism, catalogue Bd.V.2 of the Bröhan-Museum, Berlin, 1996. For animal sculpture in Meissen see p.65.

It was in March 1709, when Johann Friedrich Böttger, in a message to August the Strong, was able to announce the invention of the "red porcellain" and the coveted "white porcellain". The red porcelain stoneware, named 'Böttgersteinzeug' after its inventor, was mainly used for the production of vessels, which could be sold as the first products of the Meissner Porzellanmanufaktur founded in 1710. The elaborate production process as well as the aesthetic preference of the 18th century for white porcelain, however, meant that the red stoneware was quickly forgotten. As early as 1741 it was no longer mentioned in the manufactory's recipe books.
It was not until the beginning of the 20th century that the first attempts were made in Meissen to research the composition and manufacture of Böttger stoneware anew. The reproduction of an almost identical body was finally successful in 1919, under the general management of Max Adolf Pfeiffer. It is thanks to his commitment that the Böttger stoneware at the Art Nouveau manufactory experienced a renaissance. Pfeiffer sought the cooperation of well-known artists for new models, who, in addition to coins, medals and plaques, also designed figures and above all animal sculptures in Böttger stoneware.
In addition to well-known modellers such as August Gaul and Max Esser, Erich Hösel, who had been working at the manufactory since 1903 as a design manager, was also involved with the rediscovered material. It was thanks to Hösel's influence as head of design that Meissen became the leading German manufacturer of animal sculptures at the beginning of the 19th century. The genre enjoyed an unprecedented popularity in Art Nouveau, after it had been rediscovered and reinterpreted in Copenhagen. Hösel recognised the potential of the Danish designs and began to build a menagerie for Meissen.

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Conditions of Sale



VAT margin scheme, VAT included, but must not be indicated, not refundable

29.00 % buyer’s premium on the hammer price


Similar works in the auction
Meissen   Germany   Art Nouveau   20th century   Camel   Boettger stoneware   Hösel, Erich  


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