Fine Art
Fine Art | Auction: 14.11.2019 | Preview: 08.11.2019 - 11.11.2019

Lot was sold

Lot 1019

40.000 - 60.000 €
115.000,00 €

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Auction results from: Arent de Gelder
de Gelder, Arent
Dordrecht 1645 - 1727

Young Man with Fur Cap. Oil on canvas. Relined. 67 x 54cm. Framed.

- W. Sumowski: Gemälde der Rembrandt-Schüler, Volume II, Landau 1983, p. 1197, no. 813: Mentioned here in the commentary as belonging to the painting in the Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn and modelled on Rembrandt's 1640 self-portrait;
- ibid. Vol. VI, p. 3713, no. 2297 with ill. (dated ca. 1715/20);
- Dortrechts Museum, Dortrecht - Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Köln - Snoeck-Ducaju & Zoon, Gent [eds.]: Arent de Gelder. Rembrandts Meisterschüler und Nachfolger, 1999 Ghent, p. 266 with ill.;
- J. W. von Moltke: Arent de Gelder. Dordrecht 1645 - 1727, Doornspijk 1994, no. 89, p. 102 with ill.;
-Lilienfeld, Karl: Arent de Gelder, Sein Leben und seine Kunst, The Hague 1914, p. 212, no. 210. Here information "Versteigerung F.J. De Dufresne, Amsterdam, 22.8.1770, no. 271.

Private collection North Rhine-Westphalia.

We thank Fred G. Meijer, Amsterdam, for his kind support.

Arent de Gelder was regarded by his contemporaries as Rembrandt's best student.
He was his last apprentice and the one who was to retain Rembrandt's special painting style, the free brushstroke and the dramatic staging of light throughout his life.

Even when the general taste in art turned away from Rembrandt's virtuoso application of paint and his relaxed play of light, Arent de Gelder remained true to the style of the great Amsterdam master. As a wealthy citizen of Dordrecht, descending from the up-and-coming middle class, he did not need to paint for his living and adapt to the capers of the market.

The young Arent first apprenticed to Samuel van Hoogstraten in his hometown of Dordrecht, who had been a Rembrandt student himself, and then, around 1661, learned from the outstanding master of his time himself in Amsterdam. He stayed in Rembrandt's studio for two whole years, who at that time was already experiencing financial problems, but whose reputation in and influence on the art world remained unchanged.

De Gelder mainly depicted biblical themes and made portraits, whereby he distinguished himself through his sophisticated light treatment and psychological powers of observation as well as through his special impasto-technique paint application.

In this painting, which has been privately owned for seventy years, a young man looks introverted, perhaps a little dreamy. The name and rank of the person portrayed are not known, but the painter succeeded in conveying the personality of the person depicted to us over three centuries. Natural and calm, with a reserved pride, the young man presents himself in his richly knitted and fur-trimmed clothes. From the Italian Renaissance to Rembrandt, the posture with the arm laid on corresponds to a topos of self-confidence.

This picture, created ca. 1700/1710 (it is close to the "Portrait eines jungen Mannes" in the Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum in Hanover), clearly shows the typical strengths of Arent de Gelder. In addition to the sensitive reproduction of the character, the focus is on the effective lighting, which hits the young man coming from the top right. His left half of his face, the bright collar and his left upper arm resting on the balustrade are fully captured by the light. All other parts are gradually receding. The young man's headgear is unusual: in the lower part designed as a brown cap, in the upper part a lighter material is gathered and falls down over the back of the head. In its richness, this creation is more reminiscent of the turbans in de Gelder's Old Testament scenes than of a contemporary headgear.
Especially the colour treatment in the area of the upper arm shows the rembrandt-esque way De Gelder paints. His painter colleague and biograph Arnold Houbraken reported: "Sometimes, for example, when he (.) wants to paint an embroidery on a piece of fabric, he smears the paint on the (.) canvas with a wide painting spatula and scratches the pattern of the embroidery (.) with a brush handle from the layer of paint ..."

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Conditions of Sale

VAT margin scheme, VAT included, but must not be indicated, not refundable

29.00 % buyer’s premium on the hammer price

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Arent de Gelder       17th/18th C.   Old Masters   Portrait   Painting   Netherlands